How to cook the perfect steak

How to cook the perfect steak

Beef has a long history in the human diet. Cattle were hunted and their meat used as food as early as the Stone Age. Over the millennia, the breeding and husbandry of cattle has evolved, and beef is now one of the most important types of meat in the world. In Europe, beef became the main meat for the upper classes in the Middle Ages, while the poorer classes subsisted primarily on pork and poultry. In the 19th century, beef production increased greatly in Europe and North America, and beef became an important ingredient in working-class cuisine.

Today beef is produced and of course consumed worldwide. The largest producers are Brazil, India, China, the USA and Argentina. The use of beef varies from country to country and culture to culture. In some countries, beef is traditionally used as part of the national cuisine, such as Argentina (where asado, a type of barbecue, is very popular) and India (where beef is avoided for religious reasons).

For several years now, the issue of sustainability and climate change has also had an impact on beef production and consumption. There are discussions about how to reduce the production and consumption of beef to reduce the environmental impact. Nevertheless, beef remains an important source of nutrition for millions of people worldwide.

Table of contents:

Beef fillet steak with potatoes

Cook the perfect steak

Here are some general tips for grilling beef properly:

  1. Choose the right meat: For grilling, it is best to use high-quality beef such as rib-eye, T-bone, porterhouse or strip steak. The meat should be fresh and well marbled to ensure a juicy and flavorful texture.
  2. Let the meat come to room temperature before grilling: Take the meat out of the oven at least 1-2 hours before refrigerator to bring it to room temperature. This cooks the meat more evenly and prevents it from sticking to the grill grate.
  3. Preheat the grill properly: Make sure the grill is properly preheated before putting the meat on. With a gas grill the temperature should be set to medium-high to high, for charcoal grills the charcoal should be completely glowing and an even layer form the grill grate.

  4. Season the meat before grilling: Season the meat generously with salt and pepper or other spices, depending on your taste. You can also use a marinade to season the meat before grilling.

  5. Grill the meat at the right height: Place the meat on the grill grate and grill it at the highest level until it has a nice crust. Then reduce the heat and continue grilling the meat on medium-low heat until it reaches the desired doneness.

  6. The meat thermometer: Use a meat thermometer to monitor the core temperature of the meat. Insert the thermometer into the thickest part of the meat to measure the exact temperature.
  7. Let the meat rest before cutting: Remove the meat from the grill and let it rest for 3-5 minutes before cutting so that the juices are distributed throughout the meat and it stays juicier.

With these tips, you should be able to enjoy perfectly grilled beef in just over 45 minutes!

Beef fillet grilling

What goes well with beef steak?

There are many side dishes and ingredients that go well with beef steak and can complement the flavor of the steak. Here are some options:

  • Vegetables: Grilled or fried vegetables such as asparagus, peppers, zucchini, Aubergine or mushrooms go well with beef steak. You can also use steamed or fried vegetables such as broccoli, carrots or a> serve.
  • Potatoes: Potatoes are a popular side dish with steak. You can serve potatoes in different forms such as fried potatoes, mashed potatoes, French fries or potato gratin.
  • Rice: Rice, but also risotto, is a good alternative with potatoes and goes well with steak. You can serve plain white rice, brown rice, or wild rice.
  • Salads: A light salad can perfectly complement the steak. A simple green salad with vinaigrette dressing or a tomato salad with basil and olive oil are good options.
  • Dips: Even a simple dip goes wonderfully with beef
  • Bread: A slice of fresh bread or baguette can be used for dipping in the sauces or for absorbing the steak flavor.

Ultimately, the choice of side dishes and ingredients depends on your personal taste and preferences.

Beef with vegetables grilling

What is Dry Aged Beef?

Dry Aged Beef is a special type of meat aging in which the beef is dry aged in a controlled environment at low temperature and high humidity. During the ripening process, the meat becomes more tender and more flavorful due to the evaporation of moisture and the natural enzymatic processes in the meat.

The duration of the dry aging phase can vary depending on the desired taste and texture of the meat. However, it is usually between 21 and 60 days. As it ages, the meat develops a dark, dry, hard crust that must be removed before the meat is cooked. Dry aged beef is typically more expensive than conventionally aged meat because the aging process takes longer and requires greater control and monitoring. However, the taste of the meat is usually more intense and nuttier than conventionally aged meat.

Dry Aged Beef is often prized by gourmets and gourmet chefs because it has a special quality and texture and is considered a type of culinary delicacy. It is also often served in upscale restaurants and steak houses.

Dry Aged Roastbeef Rumpsteak grilling

Dry Aged Rumpsteak- grilling

Chateaubriand – the fillet of beef

Chateaubriand is a thick cut of the tenderloin of beef, often served for special occasions or as a main course in upscale restaurants. It is named after the French writer and diplomat François-René de Chateaubriand, who was famous in the 19th century and is also considered the founder of French Romanticism.

Chateaubriand is usually prepared for two people and consists of a single piece cut from the center of the fillet. It is traditionally grilled or fried and served with a sauce made from broth, red wine, butter and spices such as thyme and bay leaves. Typical accompaniments to Chateaubriand are vegetables, potatoes or French fries. Considered a delicacy due to its tenderness and delicate flavor, Chateaubriand is typically a more expensive option on the menu. It is also a challenging dish that requires some experience in the kitchen to prepare perfectly.

Beef steak salting

What is a Steak Tomahawk

A tomahawk steak is a cut of beef cut from the rib cage that resembles the bone of a tomahawk. It is a very large steak, weighing 1.2 to 2 kilograms and is usually suitable for two to three people. Tomahawk steak is cut from the front part of the beef’s back and contains part of the long back muscle, the rib bone and the fat eye. Due to the bone structure and the fat eye, the tomahawk steak is particularly juicy and flavorful. It is often grilled or pan-grilled and then further cooked in the oven to achieve a perfect crust and a juicy texture on the inside. It is usually simply seasoned with salt and pepper and served with side dishes such as vegetables, potatoes or salad.

The tomahawk steak has gained popularity in recent years and is often featured as an impressive dish for special occasions or as a special specialty in fine dining restaurants. However, it is also an expensive cut of meat and requires some experience in the kitchen to prepare it perfectly.

Marinate Beef Tomahawk Steak

Beef tomahawk steak grilling

Is roast beef and entrecôte the same thing?

Roast beef and entrecôte are two different cuts of beef. Roast beef comes from the back of the beef loin and is a lean, boneless cut of meat. It is tender and juicy and is ideal for roasting in the oven or on the grill. Entrecôte, also known as ribeye steak, is also a cut of meat from the back, but it comes from the front part, more precisely from the rib cage of the animal. Entrecôte has more marbling compared to roast beef, meaning the meat contains more veins of fat. This makes it particularly juicy and has a more intense taste. Entrecôte is often grilled or fried and is a popular choice in fine dining restaurants.

In summary, roast beef and entrecôte are two different cuts of beef that differ in fat content, taste and preparation options.

Dry Aged Rumpsteak grilling

The difference between roast beef and rump steak

Roast beef and rump steak are both popular and delicious cuts of beef, but they have some differences in texture, flavor and preparation. Roast beef is a cut from the back part of the cow, more specifically from the back muscle. It is known for its delicate texture and mild taste. Roast beef is usually oven-roasted or grilled and served as a whole slice, which is then cut into thin slices. It is a very versatile meat that goes well with a variety of side dishes.

Rump steak, on the other hand, comes from the back of the beef loin, directly above the roast beef. It is known for its rich depth of meat and strong flavor. Rump steak is usually grilled or pan-fried and is often served rare or medium rare due to its thickness and firmness. It is often served with a simple sauce or steak seasoning to enhance the flavor. The rump steak is a popular choice for steak lovers and is often served at barbecues or steak restaurants. It can be prepared in a variety of ways including grilled, fried, or cooked sous-vide. Depending on the region or cuisine, there are different names for the rump steak, for example strip steak, entrecôte or sirloin steak.

Overall, roast beef and rump steak differ in terms of their texture, taste and preparation methods. Roast beef is more tender and milder, while rump steak is firmer and has a stronger taste. However, both are delicious options for meat lovers and can offer different flavor and texture profiles depending on your preference and preparation method.

Cook rump steak sous-vide

Cooking rump steak sous-vide is a great way to prepare the meat to perfection and ensure it remains tender and juicy. Here are the steps you can follow:

  1. Season the rump steak: Rub the steak generously with salt and pepper, or season it with other spices, herbs or marinades as desired.
  2. Vacuum sealing: Seal the rump steak in a vacuum bag. If you don’t have a vacuum sealer, you can also seal the bag by placing the meat as close to the end of the bag as possible and then slowly submerging it in a pot of water, letting the pressure of the water force most of the air out of the bag repressed.
  3. Cook sous vide: Heat a pot of water to the desired temperature (depending on the thickness of the steak and the desired doneness), usually between 52 and 60 degrees Celsius for medium rare to medium. Add the sealed bag of rump steak to the water and cook for at least 1 hour and up to 3 hours.
  4. Fry briefly: Remove the rump steak from the vacuum bag and pat it dry with a paper towel. Cook the steak in a skillet with hot oil or on a grill for a minute per side to form a crust and warm it a little more.
  5. Serve: Let the steak rest for a few minutes to distribute the juices throughout the meat before slicing thinly and serving.

Rump steak cooked sous-vide is very tender and juicy and retains its natural taste and aromas. It’s a great way to cook a perfect steak at home.

Beef – the right temperature

The temperatures when grilling beef depend on the level of doneness desired. Here are the temperatures you can use to get the beef to your desired doneness:

  • Rare (bloody): 49-52°C core temperature
  • Medium Rare (half cooked): 54-57°C core temperature
  • Medium (done but juicy): 60-63°C core temperature
  • Medium Well (almost through): 65-69°C core temperature
  • Well Done (well done): 71°C or higher core temperature

It is important to regularly monitor the core temperature of the meat while grilling to ensure it is not too raw or overcooked. The core temperature can be measured with a meat thermometer by inserting it into the thickest part of the meat, but not touching the bone.

It’s also important to let the meat rest for a few minutes before slicing to allow the juices to redistribute throughout the meat and keep it juicier. A rule of thumb is to let the meat rest for 3-5 minutes before slicing.

What are chateaubriand, entrecôte, rump steak, T-bone steak, porterhouse steak, rib-eye steak, sirloin steak, tournedos

These are different types of beef steaks with different characteristics and flavor profiles.

  • Chateaubriand: A Chateaubriand steak is cut from the sirloin of beef and is typically a thick cut that is enough for two or more people. It has a smooth, juicy texture and a rich, buttery flavor.
  • Entrecôte: The entrecôte is a steak that is cut from the rib of beef. It is usually a thick steak with a high fat content, which gives it a rich, flavorful aroma. It is often referred to as a rib-eye steak.
  • Rump steak: A rump steak is cut from the back of the beef loin and has a strong, meaty flavor. It is usually a tender and juicy steak that develops a nice crust when cooked correctly.
  • T-Bone Steak: A T-Bone steak is a large steak that consists of a T-shaped bone and usually consists of two parts: the fillet and the strip. Steak. The fillet is more tender and has a milder flavor, while the strip steak has a stronger flavor due to its higher marbling.
  • Porterhouse Steak: The porterhouse steak is similar to the T-bone steak, but contains a larger proportion of fillet and is also larger in size. Often referred to as the “King of all Steaks,” it is a popular choice for meat lovers due to its size and rich flavor.
  • Rib-eye steak: A rib-eye steak comes from the front part of the back of beef and is particularly juicy and flavorful due to its high fat content. It often has a marbling of fat that gives the steak a rich flavor and tender texture.
  • Shank steak: A skirt steak is cut from the hip muscle of the beef and has a strong flavor. It is a lean steak with a fine grain and a delicate texture.
  • Tournedos: Tournedos are small, tender steaks that are cut from the fillet of beef. They have a mild, buttery flavor and are a popular choice for gourmet dishes.

Each of these types of steak has its own unique characteristics and is prepared in different ways to achieve their best flavors and textures.

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